Legal barriers to carbon capture and storage
We have all heard a lot of talk about carbon capture and storage CCS. Those who worry about our carbon dioxide emissions to atmosphere see it as the answer to continued use of fossil fuels while we are waiting for renewable technologies to take over. However there are some snags that we need to consider. The first one is that of legality. As far as I am aware if we are talking off shore injection into strata then at the moment this is only permitted as part of an enhanced oil recovery project EOR. Otherwise it requires international agreements which despite the longevity of the idea are not in place. Can anyone help and say whether they are even on the horizon? The second issue concerns insurance. Put bluntly in circumstances of a failure in the storage system and a large leakage of carbon dioxide the question is: Who pays in the event of deaths and other consequences? To these I now have to add another question for which I am grateful to Chris Booker, the journalist. That question is at the kind of injection rates required will the notion work or will it result in such fracturing that it will not? Now admittedly Chris is not a physicist or indeed a scientist but he has many connections with the scientific community. I do not know his source. The last time I studied micromeretics is probably around 40 years ago and so I have to pass that question over probably to those involved in EOR. Can anyone help?
(posted on the Institute of Physics forum climate posts)